Robert Faturechi is a reporter at ProPublica covering money in politics. Garzke, Schwoebel, pp. The Fitzgerald came into view of Yokosuka harbor late in the afternoon on June 17. He liked spicy foods, scary movies and TV comedies. The. Contradicting FBI records, the U.S. Navy later insisted that all the remains had been identified by 24 April 1989, when all of the bodies were released to the families (Thompson, p. 171). Will Marquis, a petty officer first class who escaped Berthing 2, found himself unable to concentrate on even simple paperwork tasks. The Navy declined to directly answer ProPublica’s questions about its findings. In his last seconds of consciousness, he grabbed an overhead pipe and propelled himself toward the escape hatch. [79], Most of the victims' family members criticized the Navy's conclusions. One of Comb’s most important responsibilities was communicating with her counterparts on the bridge. Shu, she testified, told her that he had already delivered that message to superiors. Navy sources provided emails, internal memos and accounts of private meetings. Berthing 1 was inundated, too. Declared hopeless,” read notes attached to the repair report. Over the next day, the crew swept, cleaned, and painted the inside of the turret. One of the men was Christopher Perez, the Fitzgerald’s senior chief petty officer for the ship’s missile and gun systems. The weight of water shifting side to side in such a space can disrupt the ship’s stability and threaten to capsize it. Now they faced a choice. Said Schwoebel of Miceli's refusal to conduct the tests, "For one of the few times during the investigation, I was angry. He had a taste for sports cars and had purchased a bright yellow 1992 Mazda sports car in Japan, the steering wheel on the right side. Schwoebel states that the ship was 330 nautical miles (610 km) from Puerto Rico. Milligan, serving as commander of Cruiser Group 2 at the time of the explosion, was a 1959 graduate of the US Naval Academy, had served as commander of, Diehl, p. 172; Schwoebel, pp. Sidelined during years of land wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Navy is now strategically central to containing North Korea’s nuclear threat, China’s expansionist aims and a newly aggressive Russia. He has won numerous accolades for his work in the U.S. and abroad, including the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting. [78], On 7 September, Milligan and Edney formally briefed media representatives at the Pentagon on the results of Milligan's investigation. Truitt said later that he had told Milligan during his investigation that the rammer would sometimes take off on its own (Thompson, p. 329). What’s more, the Fitzgerald sailors in Berthing 2 were close. With Messina was Milligan, who departed early, and Ron Swanson and Timothy Quinn. 26–27; Vistica, p. 111. – Main gun Turret Three leaked so much oil, hydraulic fluid, and water that the crew referred to it as the "rain forest." Vaughan, Tapia, Breau, Schrimsher, Stawecki, Ogilvie, Perez, Caldwell and White were among the three dozen sailors given commendations for their actions in helping save crew members. 350–55. One was Jackson Schrimsher. Weinraub, "Bush Joins In the Grief Over Iowa", Garzke, Associated Press, "U.S.S. As dawn approached, Perez stormed up to Babbitt. Berthing 2 and Auxiliary Room 1, housing electrical equipment, had flooded. One piece of training that Benson did not have to postpone dealt with the safety of his sailors. They had saved each other. On April 19, 2019 a ceremony marking the 30th anniversary of the incident occurred in San Pedro, officiated by the Veteran's Association of the USS … It was then, at last, that Breau realized the Fitzgerald was going to make it back home. 371–72. He had drafted six lineups, his planning hampered by the ship’s broken administrative network. To avoid the Crystal, Coppock decided to order a hard turn to the right, the standard action for an evasive maneuver under international navigation rules. But the AIS allowed it to see civilian vessels. Sandia's technicians also found that the physical evidence did not support the U.S. Navy's theory that an electronic or chemical detonator had been used to initiate the explosion. [62] A search of Truitt's locker turned up a burlap bag of the type filled with gunpowder for firing the big guns. The Crystal began evasive maneuvers. The Fitzgerald steamed south at 20 knots. In his interview with Milligan, Moosally complained that the U.S. Navy had given him a bunch of "misfits" for his crew. Benson, Coppock and the bridge and combat information center watch teams had failed to use basic seamanship skills to escape an “avoidable” accident. His brain had failed him. He put on a diving mask, and Ogilvie and Vaughan lowered him into the water to retrieve the sailor. He had first watch the next day. [36], Firefighting crews quickly responded and sprayed the roof of the turret and left and right gun barrels, which were still loaded, with water. Technicians were constantly fixing the SPS-73, the other main navigational radar on the Fitzgerald. Other agents interviewed Truitt's wife Carole, also pressing her about the sexual orientation of Hartwig and Truitt, asking questions about how often she and her husband had sex, what sorts of sexual acts they engaged in, and whether she had ever had sex with any of Truitt's crewmates. Moosally and Bob Finney, Iowa's operations officer, were given nonpunitive "letters of admonition" which were not placed in their permanent personnel records. His voice was shaky and uncertain. Milligan and his staff began their investigation by interviewing members of Iowa's crew. Lt. j.g. Cato operated a camera with thermal imaging that could see miles away. She shouted the command to Womack to pass on to the helmsman. Adrenaline, fear and anger shot through him. One junior officer had never been trained on how to use the radars on the Fitzgerald, describing herself as “not highly confident” in their use. The family traveled extensively during downtime from their Navy lives. Diehl, p. 173; Schwoebel, pp. “I brought out a bucket for people to vomit in.”. The members of the team Coppock was leading that night were all certified for their posts. To keep the screen updated, a sailor had to punch a button a thousand times an hour. [86], In early March 1990, the House Armed Services Committee released its report, titled USS Iowa Tragedy: An Investigative Failure. Just 20 hours earlier, he had set sail from the Fitzgerald’s home port in Yokosuka, Japan, after receiving last-minute orders to head for the South China Sea. Much like the radar in the combat room, the bridge radar was not providing a complete picture. Based on this, the insurance policy, Hartwig's known antipathy for Truitt's wife, and the belief that Truitt and Hartwig had been sexually involved, the NIS considered Truitt a suspect. [51] Vice Admiral Joseph S. Donnell, commander of Surface Forces Atlantic, appointed Commodore Richard D. Milligan; a former commanding officer of USS New Jersey (BB-62), sister ship of Iowa, from 15 September 1983 to 7 September 1985; to conduct an informal one-officer investigation into the explosion. In late November 1989, as part of the GAO inquiry, GAO investigators Tim Stone and Jerry Hurley, accompanied by Miceli, arrived on, Conahan, p. 2; Halloran, "2 Survivors of Iowa Blast Deny Shipmate Set It Off", Vogel, "Deadly Blast Haunts Battleship's Skipper", Garzke, Diehl, p. 174; Schwoebel, pp. Garzke, Bonner, p. 59; Schwoebel, pp. That’s just how things were. At the top, the men shot out the small opening, as the rising water forced the remaining air from the compartment. It is pitch dark. The handful of men remaining in Berthing 2 were running out of time. The Fitzgerald immediately felt the loss of its sailors. “Water on deck. Navy divers had arrived in wetsuits and a rescue boat to retrieve the seven dead sailors. Truitt eventually gave the Hartwig family $2,500 from the payout (Thompson). According to Thompson, the. Cooper and Schuler were not present for the first 17 drop tests. Worked, ate and relaxed together. 156–59. His hands bent at the wrists and folded down and away from his body. The men reached down and hauled out Mead, the second, and last, sailor rescued by the two petty officers from Texas. After testing the band, the FBI stated that they did not believe an electronic timing device had been present and that chemicals found on the band likely came from Break-Free solvent used by the Navy to extract the projectile from the center gun barrel after the explosion. Then the tremendous force of the collision cleaved them apart. The lack of ships on the radar screen created such a false sense of security that Woodley felt comfortable asking Combs permission to leave his station for a bathroom break, which is rare for a shift in the combat room. Key positions were vacant, despite repeated requests from the Fitzgerald to Navy higher-ups. The NIS gave the FBI agents copies of their interviews with several Iowa crewmen, including Smith, and with Hartwig's family and acquaintances. [107], Sandia's final findings were submitted to the Senate in August 1991 and included in the GAO's report on its investigation. The U.S. Navy expressed regret (but did not offer an apology) to Hartwig's family and closed its investigation. “We must not be sinking anymore,” he recalled thinking. She glanced at a display to check the time. After observing the scene in the center gun room and asking some questions, Drake told Iowa crewmen that, "It's my opinion that the explosion started in the center gun room caused by compressing the powder bags against the sixteen-inch shell too far and too fast with the rammer arm". Benson was soaking wet, barefoot, and wearing only a long-sleeved T-shirt and exercise shorts. Milligan immediately called Claude Rollins, the NIS regional director in Norfolk, and requested NIS assistance in the investigation. “I didn’t get any radar, I didn’t pick up anything on the 67,” Woodley said. Lawrence then called out, "I'm not ready yet! Benson, the captain, had spent hours putting the midwatch team together. Scot replied, "We don't have a choice. "[31] Mortensen, monitoring Turret Two's phone circuit from his position in Turret One, heard Buch confirm that the left and right guns were loaded. The Fitzgerald sounded five short blasts from its whistle to warn the approaching vessel of an imminent crash. Donnell suspended both fines. The senators questioned the Navy officers about the lack of adequate training on Iowa; the age and condition of the ship's powder; problems with the center gun's rammer; the illegal gunfire experiments; the methods used and conclusions reached in the investigation; and the series of leaks to the media from Navy and NIS personnel. He had a laceration on his head, its cause unknown. Mead fought his way out, but a pair of lockers blocked his path. But this night, Benson doubled the number to 1,000 yards, giving the officer more room to maneuver without having to wake him. Sailors rotated in and out, relieving comrades fatigued by the nonstop passing of 10-pound buckets of water. At 1:30:34 a.m., the Crystal slammed into the Fitzgerald. Milligan subsequently reported that the book contained instructions on how to construct a bomb. In a panic, she ordered the Fitzgerald to turn directly into the path of the Crystal. Each shot was to use five bags of D-846, instead of the six bags normally used, and to fire at the empty ocean 17 nautical miles (20 mi; 30 km) away. In the end, the Fitzgerald’s crew fought to keep the ship from sinking. Goodman and Goodwin stood by their reports and the NIS told Woodruff that it stood by its theory that Hartwig and Truitt were gay and that Hartwig had sabotaged the gun after the end of an affair with Truitt (Thompson, p. 315). Cooper and other Sandia scientists examined the shells and found the same iron fibers and chemicals on the two shells that had been found on the center gun projectile. The inexperience showed in a series of near misses in the weeks before the crash, when the destroyer maneuvered dangerously close to vessels on at least three occasions. He demanded vigilance from his sailors. By long Navy tradition, attendance at such meals was considered necessary to forge the esprit de corps needed to run a ship. Still, Coppock, naturally self-assured, took the bridge undeterred. For an instant, the Crystal and the Fitzgerald locked together, traveling side by side. The explosion caved in the door between the center gun room and the turret officer's booth and buckled the bulkheads separating the center gun room from the left and right gun rooms. He had been raised Navy: His father was a retired master chief who had lectured him on the importance of standing watch to ensure the safety of his ship, noted an obituary in the Times of San Diego. ABC reporter Robert Zelnick wrote an op-ed piece, which ran in The New York Times on 11 September, heavily criticizing the Navy for, in Zelnick's words, "scapegoating a dead seaman." Woodley shared Combs’ opinion. He loved talking about football, especially his beloved Packers. In its report, however, the U.S. Navy concluded that the evidence did not show that Hartwig was homosexual but that he was suicidal and had caused the explosion with either an electronic or chemical detonator. We'll straighten that out. Lighting up beneath hundreds of gallons of jet fuel broke all kinds of rules, not to mention common sense. Metal ductwork had fallen on him. 265–69, 285. [13], On 20 January 1989, off Vieques Island, Iowa's Turret One fired six of the experimental shells using the supercharged powder bags. The crew gathered on the broad gray tarmac. 10–11, 65, 236; Thompson, p. 137. “Sir, we have a serious problem on the ship,” Uhden said he told the executive officer. How Do The Steelers Clinch Playoff Berth: How Do The Steelers Clinch Playoff Berth : 10 Dec 2020 First things first, they have to get to the playoffs. He had served in Iraq and was nearing retirement from the Navy. But they were tired and some were green. The personnel shortages made it difficult to post watches on both the starboard and port sides of the ship, a once-common Navy practice. Clark rushed back to the bridge, where he kept a 35-pound kettlebell for exercise. Other blocky consoles featured radars, navigation screens and communication tools. Navy leaders planned a small ceremony at the U.S. Air Force base near Yokosuka to send the men on a military transport plane to Dover Air Force Base outside of Washington, D.C. Fitzgerald family and crew members begged to be allowed to attend the dignified send off. Coppock looked up and spotted the superstructure of the Crystal through the bridge windows. Coppock told Parker not to worry — she was tracking the ship. At 8:28 a.m., Noe Hernandez, 26, was found near the starboard lounge. Sonar Technician Kamari Eason had first watch, too, but didn’t get to bed until midnight. Vaughan and Tapia took one last look at each other. Out of control, the destroyer spun 360 degrees through the water, completing the circle in five minutes. “A terrible thing happened. Representing the NIS at the meeting were six agents, led by Robert Nigro and including Mike Dorsey, who took notes. The coffin lockers provide modest refuge, with only a curtain for privacy. “I was raving like a wild animal for air, pushing my face as high as I could,” he remembered. xvii, 39–42, 70; Thompson, p. 284. It features the coordinates of the crash. The U.S. Navy would later state that of the 47 fatalities, seven died from blast injuries, 10 from blunt force injuries, and 30 from thermal injuries (Schwoebel, p. 8). Twelve crewmen working in or near the turret's powder magazine and annular spaces, located adjacent to the bottom of the turret, were able to escape without serious injury. But still, water seeped through air ducts and open conduits between compartments. 103–07; Thompson, pp. Another possibility is that Coppock may not have ensured that the radar on the bridge was properly adjusted to obtain a finer-grained picture. One more incident rattled the ship’s officers. According to Mortensen, if the door was open that would help explain why the explosion caused catastrophic damage to the turret officer's booth and the left and right gun rooms (Thompson, p. 239). As a group, they decided: Whether the men appeared dead or alive, each would receive emergency treatment. 2, Lt. Raven Parker, 26, the junior officer of the deck, had helped navigate through the area only once before, and that was in daylight. We sent out a team of reporters to interview scores of current and former sailors, officers and commanders, as well as family members and friends. Petty Officer 1st Class Samuel Williams noticed Nelson struggling. The U.S. Navy, however, disagreed with Sandia's opinion and concluded that the cause of the explosion could not be determined. When Truitt learned of the interview, he advised the NIS that he would not cooperate further with the investigation. Real-time information flows from an infrared camera and navigational, weather and geographic equipment. Babbitt jury-rigged a system to pass his orders. [43] Drake also helped Mortensen unload the powder from Turret One's left gun. Her first ship was the USS Ashland, an amphibious landing craft. Helmsman-in-training Simona Nelson had taken the wheel of a destroyer at sea for the first time in her life 25 minutes earlier. At around 11 p.m., Breau called the ship’s then-captain for help. The winter issue of 2021 celebrates years of history and stories about West Point and the connection to the Long Gray Line. [112][113] In May 2012, Iowa was towed to San Pedro, California, and is now a floating museum. To help supervise Lawrence, Ziegler assigned Gunner's Mate Second Class Clayton Hartwig, the former center gun captain, who had been excused from gun turret duty because of a pending reassignment to a new duty station in London, to the center gun's crew for the firing exercise. Breau had executed a textbook response to avoid collision. Kathleen Diegert, a Sandia statistician, examined the size-distribution data for the fibers and concluded that they were the same. Edney denied that the Navy had leaked any details about the investigation to the press. Mortensen believed that Hanyecz was trying to call him for help. Steering a massive warship through the ocean at night is an exercise in managed chaos. The flight deck on the rear of the ship was listing too hard for a helicopter landing. Now, Benson realized that his worst nightmare had happened. She was especially worried about Woodley, who was responsible for watching the radars in the combat room. Navy leaders, he said in his first extended interview, have not taken accountability for their role in undermining America’s sea fighting ability. 31–34. “I need you. The lifting of the restriction went against a recommendation from Schwoebel's team, which urged the Navy to further explore the ramifications of Doran's findings before lifting the restriction. One weapons specialist heard a sound like a bomb going off. During the shoot John Mullahy, working in Turret Two's powder magazine, overheard someone say that the center gun's gas ejection air was not functioning. Kubicina later found out that the U.S. Navy had also interviewed Hartwig's best friend from high school and lied to him about what she had said. The Navy inquiries determined that there had been widespread problems with leaders regarding shortfalls in training, manning and equipment in the 7th Fleet. He was ignored, then fired. Several chiefs strapped Benson to a stretcher, lowering him from the bridge to the flight deck located on the ship’s tail. 135–39, 142; Vistica, p. 290. [29], Forty-four seconds after Moosally's order, Lieutenant Buch reported that Turret Two's right gun was loaded and ready to fire. The Navy’s search for accountability made healing more difficult, especially after the collision of the McCain in August 2017. The bridge was in chaos. To some, Coppock appeared disconnected. “Come to the sound of my voice,” he shouted. But he could turn fierce when confronted with a screw-up, fixing a backsliding sailor with a piercing stare, followed by a pointed and personal lesson. Not eating with them was akin to snubbing family. This was the 7th Fleet. The ship was stored at Suisun Bay near San Francisco from 21 April 2001 to 28 October 2011 as part of the Reserve Fleet there. He looked up and saw the door for Berthing 1 — located one deck above Berthing 2. He was discharged on 9 February 1990. The cargo ship was now on a collision course with the Maersk Evora — a massive, 142,000-ton cargo ship. Diehl called the incident and its aftermath the worst military cover-up he had ever seen.[124]. It was Khalil Legier’s first night in Berthing 2, having moved earlier that day from another quarters. Skelley's plan was for Turret Two to fire ten 2,700-pound practice (no explosives) projectiles, two from the left gun and four rounds each from the center and right guns. Lights are on in the berthing from 6 to 10 a.m. and from 6 to 10 p.m. Most of them were minor: a request for new coolant for a refrigeration unit, another for a certain type of washer. Some 7th Fleet destroyers, including the Fitzgerald, play an especially important role. 10–11, 13, 121; Thompson, pp. Coppock stopped dining with her fellow officers in the Fitzgerald’s wardroom. By 2:45 a.m., the ship’s forward compartments had flooded with some 85 tons of water. But the instant he sat, he began to slide out. Chief Petty Officer Jared Ogilvie picked up the sledgehammer. In the midst of the frenzied training and repairs, the ship’s critical email system collapsed. As water fills your mouth, it can flood the windpipe and the esophagus. As a personnel specialist, Martin was well known on board for his upbeat, cheerful attitude. “SWOs eat their own” is a common Navy refrain. Messina said that it was likely that Hartwig had inserted an ignition device into a pouch containing the lead foil and placed it between two of the powder bags. It appeared very close. T. Christian Miller is a senior reporter for ProPublica. At this point, according to Meyer, Messina interrupted, told the stenographer to stop typing, and took Meyer out into the passageway and told him, "You little shit, you can't say that! Engelberg, "Navy Finding on Iowa Blast Is Drawing Criticism", Thompson, pp. The AIS is a commercial system used worldwide to identify ships by their name, location and navigational path. He punched the keypad and hoped for an answer from above. Trost's endorsement cited Smith's statement to the NIS as further evidence that Hartwig was the culprit. “There’s a lot of things that I didn’t know,” Womack would say later. Criminal charges against Woodley were dismissed, though he was referred for possible disciplinary action. [5] In July 1987, Captain Larry Seaquist assumed command of the ship. “Why are we not seeing more ships?” is one question a tactical action officer might ask the bridge. 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