Every year millions of people of all over the world die due to direct or indirect effects of air pollution. Frequent exposure to polluted air increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Household cleaning products, painting supplies release hazardous chemicals in the air and give rise to air pollution. People afflicted with heart disease, children and older people are more sensitive to air pollution. When these are burned, they emit large amounts of sulfur dioxide. These days clean energy is in. Introduction: Air pollution is the occurrence or addition of foreign particles, gases, and other pollutants into the air which have an adverse effect on human beings, animals, vegetation, buildings, etc. It is the addition of another form of any substance or form of energy to the environment at a rate faster than the environment can accommodate it by dispersion, breakdown, recycling, or storage in some harmless … The sulfur emissions from this rain can result in chronic lung problems for humans. Pollutants from these vehicles’ emission, including hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur oxides and particular matter (PM10), account for the considerable proportion of the leading reason to result poisonous environment. The first cause of air pollution in China is using motorcycles as one of the main transportations. People who exercise outdoors are susceptible to the adverse effects of air pollution because it involves deeper and faster breathing. Global Warming. These toxic gases can contribute to nearly 50% of the mercury, 62% of the arsenic, 60% of sulfur dioxide, and 13% of the nitrogen oxide present in our air. The main cause for air pollution is through the burning of different fuels such as coal, oil and gases. The bigger culprit for this air pollution is human interference. It creates respiratory problems and exacerbates existing conditions such as asthma and emphysema. This could mean finding multiple uses for an item. The average adult breathes 3,000 gallons of air every day. Another source of air pollution is from dust and dirt that goes airborne due to every day labor in the agricultural and construction industry. Similarly, growing commercialization has caused an increase in the number of construction sites. Not only air pollution is causing this problem but water pollution, climate change and global warming too. Vehicle exhaust contributes 60% of all carbon monoxide emissions in the United States and can go to over 90% for large cities. EarthandHuman.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon(.com, .co.uk, .ca etc) and any other website that may be affiliated with Amazon Service LLC Associates Program. Here are the causes and effects on pollution. Ozone layer depletion goes hand-in-hand with global warming. Filters that are not changed regularly in your air conditioning units will accumulate dirt and cause the spread of pollutants in the air you breathe inside your home. But this is not the only thing we should be worried about. The best way to minimize pollution is to make sure you are not adding to the existing waste. The heat trapped then causes a rise in temperatures all around the world. The effects of air pollution on humans are quite severe. Air Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solutions, Main Contaminants in Air that Causes Pollution. Volcanoes, dust storms, and forest fires are causes of natural air pollution. Breathing in this polluted air can have many negative health consequences for us. India is the country with the worst air quality in the world. Carbon dioxide contributes to air pollution in its role in the greenhouse effect. Air pollution affects the environment around us as well as our own bodies. The fossil fuel, firewood, and other things that we burn produce oxides of carbons which got released into the atmosphere. What else causes air pollution? For instance, running of millions of vehicles on the road emit very harmful substances in the environment which pollute the air. Now we know what air pollution is and the contaminants present in the polluted air. These  pollutants come from factories, automobiles and any industrial or manufacturing plants. When water goes through its natural water cycle, the evaporated water can mix with these gases as it condenses. Heavy air pollution can disrupt many wildlife habitats. Air pollution threatens the health of humans and other living beings in our planet. The largest source air of pollution in cities is from vehicle exhaust fumes. Ammonia is one of the most hazardous gases present in our atmosphere. The second type is the one with organic compounds, combustion particles, and metals. What is the source of this air pollution? Dust is lifted from, Using household chemicals without adequate ventilation is a major source of. The primary source of air pollution in various human activities. Effects of Air Pollution Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes. This polluted air is also linked with lung cancer, as well as Alzheimer’s and dementia. A high presence of nitrogen in the air can induce a condition called eutrophication. Volcano eruptionsare another big cause of air pollution. It causes breathing problems and aggravates existing health conditions such as emphysema and asthma. It is formed by a chemical reaction between existing volatile organic compounds and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Due to the increasing levels of chlorofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere, this layer is thinning. Manufacturing processes, particularly those that use chemicals and machinery, can cause air pollution.Less obviously 'dirty' processes, such as cleaning and packaging goods, can also produce harmful emissions. How has the poor air quality affected the people and the surrounding environment? It causes breathing problems and aggravates existing health conditions such as emphysema and asthma. Burning of Fossil Fuels: Burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and other factory combustibles is one the major causes of air pollution. 2. This is due to the improper combustion of fossil fuels. Many household cleaning products can emit harmful chemicals into the air. The presence of benzene and acetaldehyde in fossil fuel combustion has also been linked to cancer. Cars, trucks, jet airplanes and other combustion engine vehicles cause air pollution. Truth is a major contribution to pollution is done by human beings only but let’s have a look at all the factors here-Pollution from vehicles: Carbon monoxide gas is generally emitted by cars and trucks and when we inhaled CO, it blocks oxygen from reaching out to our main vital organs such as brain and heart. You already have information about the most common causes and effects of air pollution, and you may have gathered what you have been doing wrong to damage the environment. Global warming can also leave us more vulnerable to natural disasters. It is important to play your part to make the environment less polluted, and here are some steps to consider: 1. Natural sources and Artificial sources Natural sources of pollution are those that are caused due to natural phenomena. Along with ammonia, methane is a common emission generated from agricultural sites. 2. People and animals are dying everyday because of pollution. It causes depletion of the ozone layer and allows ultraviolet radiation to reach the earth. A Review of Some of The Best Hybrid Sports Cars, Eco-Friendly Home Construction Projects For Your Backyard, 4 Benefits of Vertical Gardens in The Workplace. Heat waves, extreme weather, food supply disruptions, and other … The primary contributors to this emission are vehicles. However, there are some natural processes that also, add to this. Carbon dioxide traps radiation at ground level, creating ground-level ozone. Pesticides enter our b… Each weekend, more than 800 million gallons of gas per year are used in lawn mowers in the United States, producing up to 5% of total air pollution. To prevent this pollution in our air to breathe normally requires taking certain measures. Air pollution is known to cause irritation in the eyes, lungs, nose, and throat. When we cook at home, sometimes we need wood and charcoal for it, and these materials cause a huge amount of air pollution… As the name suggests, air pollution is characterized by the presence of unwanted and harmful particles or gases in the air supply. These two gases have almost the same sources and lead to indoor air pollution. Air pollution has also been linked with several heart conditions. Main causes of air pollution. Some chemicals make it evident by emitting a strong smell while others can be wholly odor-less but still add to the overall pollution. To prevent adding to the existing air pollution, we should try to minimize our energy usage. Excessive air pollution can cause an imbalance in our ecosystem itself. Poor air quality can harm all lifeforms, including both plants and animals. This growth can have adverse effects on the fish, plants as well as the wildlife that depends on this water supply. Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes. The government, too, is providing tax breaks along with grants to incentivize the switch to clean energy. You can find the greener version of nearly every appliance from solar lighting to motion detectors, even water heaters! Pollution can be classified into two sections, visible air pollution and invisible air pollution. Pollution caused by various external substances, toxic gases and other human actions affects fresh air which then adversely affects human life, plants and animals. Take steps to conserve energy and do not leave lights and fans on all the time. The first type has impurities with a diameter of fewer than 10 micrometers and is generally inhalable. Air pollution affects kids more than adults due to higher concentrations of polluted air in their systems per body size. The airborne particles can be categorized in two ways. The effects of air pollution on a person’s health can range from mild breathing difficulties to severe cardiovascular issues, including heart disease and stroke. When these fuels are burned, there is a combustion effect that pollutes the environment. Other than this, dust and combustion can also be smaller additions to the air around you. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If we so choose, we can now be influential in solving this air crisis. This 2016 study describes how some emissions generated from farms and ranches are more significant than the combined emission from other man-made sources. This reaction takes place in the presence of sunlight. Air is critical for our existence. It is considered the main cause of ever rising cases of respiratory system problems and diseases, like asthma and cancer. Similarly, some painting supplies can also be responsible for adding to the toxic air around you. The most common pollutants are smoke, soot, pollen, methane, and carbon dioxide. Natural disasters such as forest fires, volcanoes, and dust storms can be responsible for causing a large amount of pollution. Despite this, air pollution has been around for a long time, only getting worse. This means switching off the lights and appliances whenever they aren’t in use. The following are some of the leading causes of air pollution. However, these wastes are bound to end up in a landfill and impact the overall pollution generated. According to EPA, the most common culprits of air pollution are nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. But where exactly does this pollution come from? Other causes include tobacco smoke, gas stoves, unvented gas and kerosene heaters as well as back-drafting, equipment powered by gasoline, and welding. Global warming can accelerate the melting of icecaps, icebergs, and is also responsible for the rise in sea levels. Sources of Air pollution Sources of air pollution are of two types. All Rights Reserved. This blanket traps a lot of the solar rays from leaving our atmosphere. Acid rain contains hydrogen ions, which can damage trees, crops, harm marine animals and induce corrosion in metals. When continually exposed to air pollution, humans become at higher risk for cardiovascular disease. Petroleum refineries also … collect and dispose of pollutants improperly. There are lots of causes of air pollution in the world and here are a few of those causes: 1. This can cause birds and animals to relocate. As for the effects of water pollution, these include a large number of water-borne diseases, ranging from diarrhea and vomiting to gastroenteritis and typhoid. Most air pollution comes from energy use and production, says John Walke, director of the Clean Air Project, part of the Climate and Clean Air program at NRDC. Carbon monoxide is another common pollutant. Following are the important causes of air pollution: Burning of Fossil Fuels The combustion of fossil fuels emits a large amount of sulphur dioxide. Here are the causes and effects on pollution. Smoke emitting from vehicles like buses, trucks, jeeps, cars, trains, airplanes etc. And in an especially destructive feedback loop, air pollution not only contributes to climate change but is also exacerbated by it. One of the main effects of air pollution is speeding up global warming. With solar, wind, and geothermal energy on the rise, switching to clean energy has never been easier. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and Carbon monoxide (CO) are toxic gases. As an addition to conserving energy, you should also consider switching to more energy-efficient appliances. Mining: Industrial mining of the minerals is considered as one of the primary causes of pollution. 4.2 Causes and Consequences of Air Pollution in Beijing, China Mason F. Ye Beijing, China suffers from some of the worst air pollution worldwide. Emissions from different transport modes, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial production, forest fires, aerosol use and radiation fare some of the main causes of air pollution.. The European Union would save 161 billion euros a year if deaths caused by air pollution were diminished. Air pollution is caused when air in the atmosphere is filled with particulate matter. 4. Burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and other factory combustibles is one major cause of air pollution, also vehicles like cars, trains and airplanes cause a big amount of air pollution. Cars, buses, motorbikes are another big cause of air pollution because they emit a lot of pollution also. We may not realize how much fossil fuels go into generating our electricity supply every day. They have a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less. Contaminated air reduces the body’s defenses and decreases the body’s capacity to fight other infections in the respiratory system. This limits the use of fossil fuels to produce elec… For example, in cities, a gas called ozone is a major cause of air pollution. In general, the industrial sector and different means of transport are primarily responsible for producing significant quantities of these fuels. Noxious gases such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide react with the sun to create new and dangerous compound… You must have heard various news regarding the increasing levels of smog and decreased visibility. A common byproduct of such agricultural activities is ammonia gas. Pollution's Harmful Effects. Thus, it is necessary to understand the impact this pollution is creating on us as well as the environment. Burning of solid fuel in fireplaces and wood stoves generates these gases. The burningof fossil fuelsis the biggest cause of air pollution, and that is why it has been prohibited at a lot of places in the world. It increases the percentage of the carbon-dioxide and makes breathing difficult. One result is a warming of ocean waters. In the long haul, you want to reduce the amount of waste you generate. 2. Furthermore, the multitude of coal and oil-powered plants release a considerable amount of toxic gases. Some of the harmful effects brought on by excessive air pollution are as follows: Breathing in polluted air can cause a variety of respiratory problems. The constant increase of harmful and toxic substances in the fresh air of the atmosphere is the cause of air pollution. It causes different kinds of respiratory diseases like heart attack, Cancer, bronchitis etc. You can also see this growth in lakes and ponds. . 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