St Brigid's feast day was the feast of Imbolc. It is believed that the cross will protect the home from evil spirits, fire, and hunger. Goddess of all inspiration and creativity, all translation from the Divine to earthly form — and hence Goddess of childbirth and healing as well as all writing, arts, and crafts. Brigid's cross, Brighid's cross or Brigit's cross (Irish: Cros Bríde, Crosóg Bríde or Bogha Bríde) is an Irish symbol. She is furthermore the founder of the first Irish monastery in County Kildare, Ireland. Brigid's Cross is made as an Imbolc rite. As was customary, the dirt floor was strewn with rushes both for warmth and cleanliness. The crosses are traditionally made in Ireland on St Brigid's feast day, 1 February, which was formerly celebrated as a pagan festival (Imbolc) marking the beginning of spring. The Goddess Brigid was one of the Tuatha Dé Danann. The cross represents the four major directions, with the circle indicating the limits of territory that surrounds the central point. Others keep the cross hung up all year round for protection and as part of their devotion to Brigid. Brigid’s cross, Brighid’s cross or Brigit’s cross (IRISH: Cros Bríde, Crosóg Bríde or Bogha Bríde) is a small cross cruciform usually made from rushes or, less often, straw. Imbolc clips set of 7 charms Imbolg Brigid Cross pagan Wiccan St Brigid Celtic Swan Lamb Snowdrop Celtic Sun Wheel St Bridget Candlemass Wytchywood. She began to explain the cross, and as she talked, his delirium quieted and he questioned her with growing interest. Every February 1, a cross is hung on the door to ward off any bad elements that might enter the house. Christians in his household sent for Brigid to talk to him about Christ. This cross is available in 3 sizes, small, medium, and large. The Christian Brigid had two miraculous talents which must have made her very popular indeed and will have convinced a lot of pagans that Christianity wasn’t so bad after all. Brigid explained to him the life of Jesus Christ and his death on the cross. It is said that St. Brigid was called to the deathbed of an old pagan chieftain. One version goes as follows: A pagan chieftain from the neighbourhood of Kildare was dying. If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible. Ever since, Christians in Ireland have made crosses out of straw or rushes and placed the cross on their doorways after getting them blessed by the parish priest. Brigid’s crosses are made from reeds or willow, or anything that can be found in the hedgerows, river banks or, if all else fails, straw or paper. He was suffering greatly and those around him believed Brigid could bring him peace. [3] Traditionally they were set over doorways and windows to protect the home from any kind of harm. Born in Dundalk in 450 AD, St Brigid is accredited with first creating the unique cross which bears her name. The Celtic goddess Brigid is one of the most venerated deities in the Pagan Irish pantheon. The sick man asked what she was doing. 5 out of 5 stars (474) 474 reviews $ 11.31. It has thus been argued that the saint is a Christianization of the goddess - a form of Syncretism. The Brigid's Cross is a traditional craft made at Imbolc and Candlemas by Pagans and Christians alike. Since the fifth century The Celts have used the simplest representation of a cross, a circle and a superimposed cross, to explain the interconnectedness of the world. This does not fit with any part of the Christian story of St Brigid, and so is likely a part of the older spiritual tradition behind the feast day.[5][6]. © Copyright Aleteia SAS all rights reserved. Brigid: Goddess of the Flame and of the Well! In its purest form, the triquetra is three interconnected ovals — one pointing upward, the other two pointing down, to the left and right. This belief reflects the spiritual power of the cross, as it is similarly stated in this ancient blessing of a cross found in the Roman Ritual. Saint Brigid is an interesting character, as she seems to symbolise the transition of pagan belief systems to the Christianization of this ancient land. The cross also suggests the movement of the sun, not only throughout the day from sunrise to sunset, but also its journey through the annual event… Through her weaving, he converted and was baptised at the point of death. However, the most common version is as follows: Saint Brigid was summoned to the deathbed of an old pagan chieftain (in some versions, her own father) who was suffering from hallucinations. She is regarded as a triple goddess and protectress, giving generously to all living things. St Brigid cross with rosary and Ireland flag, .css-tadcwa:hover{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Philip Kosloski - @media screen and (max-width:767px){.css-ij9gf6 .date-separator{display:none;}.css-ij9gf6 .date-updated{display:block;width:100%;}}published on 02/01/19. The St Brigid Cross pendant is named for Saint Brigid (Mary of the Gael) born in the mid 5th century. Further proof of its pagan origin is the recorded evidence of the Vestal Virgins (Koster) of pagan Rome having the cross hanging on a necklace, and the Egyptians doing it too, as early as the 15th century B.C.! It is said that she had a close relationship with St. Patrick and helped him build up a firm foundation for the Christian Church in Ireland. Imbolc, later called St. Brigid’s Day, is a Gaelic festival marking the beginning of Spring, held on 1st February. As a solar goddess, she embodies the element of fire and is commonly depicted with rays of light or fire emanating from her head. Though a Christian symbol, it possibly derives from the Pagan Sun wheel. Typically it has four arms tied at the ends and a woven square in the middle. February 1 is the feast day of St. Brigid of Ireland, an influential saint of the fifth century. Brigit, being known for … This cross is thought to keep evil, fire and hunger from the home in which it is displayed. At Imbolc, Brigid walks upon the Earth, and by creating Her Sun Wheel we invite and welcome the Goddess, and Springtime, into our homes. The story goes that upon the death of her father Brigit wove a cross. This does not fit with any part of the Christian … In Christianity, St Brigid and her cross are linked together by a story about her weaving this form of cross at the death bed of either her father or a pagan lord, who upon hearing what the cross meant, asked to be baptised. Her feast day was the feast of Imbolc, and the cross made of rushes today is very likely the descendant of a pagan symbol whose original meaning may have been locally understood even into the early 20th century in rural Ireland. The weaving of St. Brigid’s cross is a beautiful tradition among the people of Ireland. Another theory behind St Brigid’s Cross is that it came from the pagan sun wheel, signifying fertility and abundance as the sun is known for giving light and life. It is tied to the history of Brigid of the Tuatha de Danaan, which according to the Irish Celtic Mythology, popularly known as the life-giving goddess. 20-year-old filmmaker wins award for powerful 1-minute film about... Meet the dad who's teaching basic skills on YouTube for kids with... Did you know Martin Luther King appreciated the Rosary? As it was impossible to instruct this delirious man, hopes for his conversion seemed doubtful. The legend goes that before her father's death Brigid sat by him in prayer, whiling away the time by weaving the first Saint Brigid cross from the rushes strewn about the floor. From shop Wytchywood. The suncatcher is engraved with our depiction of St.Brigid's Cross woven of Rushes traditionally. As you can imagine, these numbers represent a lot of work. Saint Brigid shares many of the goddess's attributes and her feast day on 1 February was originally a pagan festival marking the beginning of spring. Introducing the St. Brigid's Cross Suncatcher by Iona Crystal. Thank you! The Buddhists, and numerous other sects of India, also used the sign of the cross as a mark on their followers’ heads. She is a commonly celebrated Wiccan Goddess. Others believed that Brigid would be able to calm him. Celtic mythology speaks of the Goddess Brigit (also known as Brigid) who is daughter to the Dagda. 925 Sterling Silver of a Brigid's Solar Cross. St Bridget's Cross St Brigid Cross Crafts To Make Crafts For Kids Religious Pictures New Tattoos Celtic Coloring Pages Ink There are several versions of the story of how Saint Brigid created this unique cross. The pagan Goddess Brigid had it easy by comparison, she was in charge of fertility, which, let’s face it, can’t have been a major problem in pre-Christian Ireland. St Brigid’s cross was woven in pagan Ireland as a symbol of goddess Brigid. [9][10][11] It was formerly the symbol of the Department of Health,[12] and remains in the logo of An Bord Altranais, the Irish Nursing Board. Though a Christian symbol, it possibly derives from the pagan sunwheel.It is usually made from rushes or, less often, straw.It comprises a woven square in the centre and four radials tied at the ends. The cross mainly signifies protection for the household, from evil spirits, bad energies, hunger, and fire. While it is considered a Christian symbol, it may well have its roots in the pre-Christian goddess Brigid. It is usually made from rushes or, less often, straw. It’s a holiday where the returning of the light and the nature after the dark winter is celebrated. February 1 is the feast day of St. Brigid of Ireland, an influential saint of the fifth century. It is a matter of debate whether the Christian Saint Brigid and the ancient Pagan goddess are the same person. The Goddess Brigid was one of the Tuatha Dé Danann. This cross is normally hand created from rushes however occasionally straw is also used. One story from her life eventually led to the popular Irish custom of the St. Brigid cross. Putting up Brigid’s crosses in households in Ireland is done every first day of February, the feast of Saint Brigid. ). Which, in Irish Celtic Mythology, is known as a life-giving goddess. Her feast day was the feast of Imbolc, and the cross made of rushes today is very likely the descendant of a pagan symbol whose original meaning may have been locally understood even into the early 20th century in rural Ireland. Brigid's cross or Brigit's cross (Irish: Cros Bríde, Crosóg Bríde or Bogha Bríde) is a small cross usually woven from rushes. She is a Triple Goddess and is also known as Brid, Bride, Brighid and Brigantia, as well as the modern Saint Brigid! Brigid's Cross is ancient Pagan symbol for Brigid. It comprises a woven square in the centre and four radials tied at the ends. He subsequently converted to the Christian faith and was baptized before he died. Historically, there were also three-armed versions. A typical symbol for this holiday is the Brigid’s cross (or Brigit’s cross), a four-ended cross made of straw or rushes, with a … What if you think you missed your calling in life? [7], To some extent, the Brigid's cross has become one of the symbols of Ireland, along with the shamrock and harp. Support Aleteia with as little as $1. The name Brigid means exalted one, while her most ancient Gaelic name, Breo-Saighead, means fiery power or fiery arrow. Traditionally, these crosses were woven on the feast of Imbolc, the festival of the pagan goddess Brigid, to mark the beginning of Spring. Imbolc was originally a pagan festival which became a celebration of St. Brigid, a Christianization of an earlier Pagan goddess. Brigid sat down at his bedside and began consoling him. The tale tells of a pagan chieftain who was on his death bed and the saint was sent for to teach him about Christ. [4], The presence of Brigid's cross in Ireland is likely far older than Christianity. As she explained it’s meaning, his delirium calmed and he converted to Christianity before his death. Brigid of the Tuatha de Danaan, in Irish Celtic mythology, was known as a life-giving goddess which is why the beginning of Spring with the birth of new lambs and the flowers beginning to bloom again, was associated with her. The Saint Brigid's Cross is one of the archetypal symbols of Ireland. Brigid’s Crosses are hung in houses to protect homes and livestock from fire and evil. St.Brigid, also known as Mary of the Gael, is an abbess and patroness of Ireland. Named for the Celtic goddess and the Catholic saint, it is hung in the home for protection or given as an offering to the goddess. This greatly consoled him and brought peace to his soul. It represented protection from fire and evil and was typically hung above the front door. A popular Irish custom has a rich spiritual history behind it. Many rituals are associated with the making of the crosses. [8] The Brigid's cross featured in the idents used for RTÉ Television, the state broadcaster, from the original 1960 design until the 1990s. Brigid's cross, Brighid's cross or Brigit's cross is an Irish symbol. When she arrived, the chieftain was raving. Couple praises Padre Pio's recipe for a happy marriage, 'An American Blessed': A documentary to thank God in 2021. The triquetra is a Latin word, meaning “triangular” or “three-cornered.”. We need you. Read more:Did St. Patrick expel snakes from Ireland? The presence of Brigid's cross in Ireland is likely far older than Christianity. The magick is in You! 20 million users around the world read Aleteia.org every month, Aleteia is published every day in eight languages: English, French, Arabic, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, and Slovenian, Each month, readers view more than 50 million pages, Nearly 4 million people follow Aleteia on social media, Each month, we publish 2,450 articles and around 40 videos, We have 60 full time staff and approximately 400 collaborators (writers, translators, photographers, etc. Brigid stooped down and started to weave them into a cross, fastening the points together. In Ireland Candlemas (or pagan Imbolc) is celebrated as St Brigid’s feast day. His illness had made him delirious so Brigid gathered some rushes from the floor and began to fashion them into a cross. Pendant is. Brigid’s cross or Brigit’s cross (Irish: Cros Bríde , Crosóg Bríde or Bogha Bríde) is a small cross usually woven from rushes. The Brigid's cross is a traditional craft symbolizing the Saint and goddess of the same name. Read more:5 Irish saints who changed the world. St.Brigids Day falls on the 1st February each year. It's also known as a Celtic Sun Wheel or Solar Cross (once again confirming Her status as Sun Goddess). Since then, the cross of rushes has existed in Ireland. St. Brigid’s/Brigit’s Cross Meaning. [1][2], Brigid's crosses are associated with Brigid of Kildare, one of the patron saints of Ireland. While he was still restless, Brigid picked up a few rushes that were spread on the floor and began to weave a cross. The ornament somes complete with ribbon , and presentation … The Triquetra or the Trinity Knot reserves a special place on our list of popular Celtic symbols and their meanings. Irish mythology relates that she was born at sunrise of Dagda, the earth god, and … Originally a pagan symbol correctly known as the sun cross. She arrived at his bedside and tried to console him with her words. 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